Bumper Egg-Laying Season Calls for More Buying

Bumper Egg-Laying Season Calls for More Buying
A newly-hatched green turtle, set to swim.

A newly-hatched green turtle, set to swim.

We need money to keep saving turtles!

This month has seen massive green turtle landings on the East Coast, and we don’t have enough money to save all the eggs. Unsaved eggs go to the local markets and are eaten.

The market rate is RM2.50 an egg — and every egg has a chance to become a turtle. Please contribute to the Rimbun Dahan Turtle Hatchery at Sungai Chendor, Pahang, where we buy freshly-laid turtle eggs from the boys who scour the beaches. These eggs are reburied in our hatchery until they hatch, and the hatchlings released into the sea.

Last year we bought just 5,000 for the whole season from April to September. This year we have already purchased 2,177 eggs in the first 3 weeks of April…. , so the season has started really well!

Please send contributions to CIMB account Angela Jane binti Abdullah 8000553551, marked Hatchery and with your name. Or email Angela Hijjas at angelahijjas@gmail.com. Donors are welcome to visit our hatchery and release baby turtles during hatching season.

 

Genus Anisoptera

Genus Anisoptera

A genus in the family Dipterocarpaceae.

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Anisoptera laevis
mersawa durian
Malaya, Sumatra & Borneo. Most common of genera widely distributed between 300 & 900 m. Vulnerable, due to logging & habitat loss; small smooth leaf, sparse reddish scales on lower surface. Planted 6/07.
Anisoptera-leavis
Anisoptera marginata
mersawa paya
E Sumatra, Malaya, Borneo. In Malaya near
coastal peat swamp forest of S Perak, Selangor,
Pahang, and Johor. Critically endangered by land
conversion. Smooth leaves, bright yellow under.
1 fr TH 11/09
Anisoptera-marginata Anisoptera-marginata-leaf
Anisoptera scaphula
mersawa gajah
South from Chittagong; most common in north of Malaya but found as far south as NS. Favours low altitudes and deep gorges, now endangered through range. Large thin glabrous leaf. Very large trees, up to 9m girth. Planted 6/07.
Anisoptera-scaphula
Anisoptera sp.
mersawa
Small genus of about 14 species, 7 in Malay peninsula. Most have distinctive leaf: prominent looped marginal vein. High silica content of wood
makes sawing difficult. Large buttresses were frequently cut to make pans for tin washing.
Anisoptera-sp

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Genus Vatica

Genus Vatica

A genus in the family Dipterocarpaceae.

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Vatica cuspidata (Ridl.) Sym.
resak daun runcing
Endemic to Malaya, and most common Vatica, on coastal hills. Vulnerable, due to conversion and placing logging roads on ridges. Long petioled acuminate leaf that dries dark. TH 2012.
V cuspidata leafV cuspidata
Vatica flavida Foxw.
Resak padi
Endemic to Parit FR, Keroh & Cikus. Feared extinct. Elliptic-obovate cuspidate leaf with veins hairy on under surface. Yellow flowers in great profusion. These from Univeristi Petronas campus, 2011.
Vatica-flavida
Vatica-havilandii-stipule
Vatica havilandii
Brandis
resak degung
N. Borneo, Malaya: Parit FR. Prefers low forest, critically endangered, close to extinction in Malaya. Obovate-oblong leaf sharp at apex, rounded at base but variable. Dries papery dark purple. Nut globose.
Vatica-havilandii
Vatica-lobata-leaf-detail
Vatica lobata
resak paya
Endemic sp from Sg Paka, Trengganu. Swampy
land near streams, now critically endangered if
not extinct due to conversion of habitat to estate.
Obovate leaf with only 5 prs nerves. 1 fr TH 11/09.
Vatica-lobata Vatica lobata.
Vatica lowii King emend. Sym.
resak pipit
From SE Thailand to Johor. Small bluntly acuminate leaf. Typical Vatica, up to 1.5m girth. From Tunas Harapan 6.12
Vatica-lowii
Vatica nitens King
resak daun panjang
Malay peninsula and NW Borneo. From Penang and s. Kedah to Panti, s. Johor. Common in northern Selangor but not abundant anywhere. Vulnerable
to logging and forest conversion. Large oblong leaves, bole up to 3m girth.
Vatica-nitens
Vatica odorata (Griff.) Sym.
resak ranting kesat
Throughout Malaya, more common in north. Sub species, on low hills. Rusty pink tomentose young twigs (kesat: rough twigs) and semi-inferior fruits. Fr Tunas Harapan 6.12.
Vatica-odorata-2
Vatica pauciflora (Korth.) Bl.
resak paya
Fr S Vietnam to S Sumatra, in low lying swampy habitat. Vulnerable due to fragmentation. Typical Vatica, less than 3m girth, wingless fruits adapted for water dispersal. Tunas Harapan 6.12.
Va pauciflora infloresence
Vatica stapfiana (King) Sloot
resak mempening, resak laru
Malaya and Sumatra. Not uncommon in Selangor, Perak, Pahang, often in valleys, near streams. Rarely exceeds 1m girth, exudations of yellow dammar. Fruits resemble acorns of Quercus, mempening.
Vatica-stapfiana-(King)-Slo
Vatica venulosa Bl.
resak letup
Malaya, Sumatra, W Java, Borneo. Near streams in damp soil, probably endangered, but not studied. Typical small Vatica, <1m girth. Small leaves, nut concealed by 5 sepal wings 3 cm long. Lata Belatan, Trengganu. TH 6.2012.
Vatica-venulosa
Vatica yeechongii
Endemic sp from Sg Lalang FR Selangor, first
described in 2002, on slope not far from Saraca
stream. V large leaves, 40cm long, billowed
between at least 28 prs nerves, short stout
petiole and stout twigs. 1 fr TH 11/09V yeechongiiV yeechongii leaves

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Genus Shorea

Genus Shorea

A genus in the family Dipterocarpaceae.

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S_acuminata_flwr_th
Shorea acuminata
meranti rambai daun
Southern half of Malay peninsula, most abundant in hilly country about 330m. Drooping branchlets, large semi-persistent stipules, unequal sided leaves and purple-red flowers. Grey to reddish bole, rough irregular fissured bark.Although greatly reduced by forest conversion, this species is not currently at risk. A specimen planted in 1997 at Rimbun Dahan fruited sparsely in Sept 2009. Location in row 3 W of entrance to main house, near Ahmad’s white sculpture.
Shorea-acuminata
Shorea acuminatissima Symington
seraya kuning runcing
Latin, accuminatassimus = prominently acuminate; the leaf apex. Borneo endemic. Vulnerable. Norsham 5.13. Located with other Sabah spp front area W of stream source.
 S accuminatissima SabahS accuminatissima Sabah leaf
Shorea assamica Dyer
subspecies globifera(Ridl.) Sym
meranti pipit (meranti pa’ang) group
From NW India through to Malaya, Sumatra, Philippines, Borneo, Sulawesi, Maluku. Several geographical races are distinct botanical forms, that of Malaya and Sumatra is the form globifera. Comon in north, not found in Selangor. Leaves oval elliptic, 7 x 3cm, 17 nerved. Planted N of Dryobalanops aromatica, on front fence, but now lost.
Shorea-assamica

Shorea balanocarpoides
Sym.
damar katup (meranti damar hitam)
N Sumatra, w Borneo, Malaya; from Kedah to Kinta; Kelantan & Terengganu. On undulating low land, endangered by logging, habitat conversion. Large oval 7 nerved leaves, heavy crowns, fruits wingless.
Shorea-balanocarpoides
Shorea bentongensis
meranti mengkai (meranti pa’ang group)
Endemic sp. found in Ulu Gombak, Bentong, Rompin, NE & S Johor, on low land, deep valleys, endangered by habitat loss. Large trees with smooth bole like sepetir (Sindora spp.), leaves elliptic, c. 15 nerved, large fruit w/ short narrow wings, 3 outer 2 inner. Planted 6/07.2 new specimens June 2008, pictured below. One planted on path from Uda Manap to front, on left just beyond entrance to path, 2 more at N end of area with Ahmad’s white sculpture.Shorea-bentongensis-stip
Shorea-bentongensis_stipul Shorea-bentongensis
 Shorea blumutensis Foxw.
meranti kelim
Sumatra, Johor. Elliptic lanceolate, leathery leaves with revolute margins, and fulvous tomentose twigs and petioles. Up to 30m height, 2m girth. Critically endangered by logging. On right of laterite road to Uda Manap.
S blumutensis
Shorea curtisii
seraya
Malaya, from Pattani to Singapore. common and characteristic species of hill dipterocarp forests. Light coloured crowns, lanceolate, glaucescent leaves (pale waxy bloom on upper leaf surface, lower surface pale yellow glaucescent). Large trees to 3m girth, record 7m. Dark red meranti.
Shorea-curtisii
 Shorea curtisii subsp grandis
Seraya daun besar
Endemic form found only in Keledang Saiong  and Bukit Kinta FRs, Perak, bw 200 and 500m. Deeply fissured bark, leaves resemble seraya, but much larger. Fr Tunas Harapan ’12.
Shorea-curtisii-sub-sp-grandisS curtisii subsp grandis ?
Shorea-dasyphylla2-sm
Shorea dasyphylla
meranti batu(red meranti group)
Malaya, eastern Sumatra, Sarawak. Favours low but well drained forest, now (critically?) endangered by land conversion & logging. Leaves ovate lanceolate to elliptic oblong, 11 x 6 cm, variable, 13 nerved, softly tomentose under. Planted 6/07 to NW of Rumah Balai.
Shorea-dasyphyllaShorea-dasyphylla-stip
Shorea faguetiana
damar siput(meranti damar hitam group)
Borneo, Malaya. Widely distributed, large tree. Leaves curl up on ground, ovate-lanceolate, 8 x 3 cm, 10 nerved, glabrous, petiole 12 mm, young expanding leaves dark red.
Shorea foxworthyi
balau bukit
Endemic species, throughout the peninsula except south of Ulu Selangor on west coast, on undulating land up to 2,000 feet.S foxworthyi trunk
Shorea-foxworthii2Shorea-foxworthii
Shorea-gibbosa-stip
Shorea gibbosa
damar hitam gajah
Malaya, SE Sumatra, Borneo. Malaya only in central & s Johor, Singapore. Pale silvery brown striated dried twigs and larger fruits distinguish it from S. faguetiana, v similar. Larger than damar hitam (S. multiflora). 1 from TH 11/09.Abundant in Sabah where it is known as seraya kuning gajahLatin, gibbosus = pouched; the stamina filament. SE Sumatra, Malaya, Singapore, Borneo. Widespread in Sabah. Vast emergent to 70m, 2m diam bole. Variable sp. Norsham 5.13
S gibbosa SabahS gibbosa stipule
Shorea-gratissima2
Shorea gratissima
Dyer
meranti laut
Peninsula, w Sumatra, Borneo, Singapore. Bukit Jugra.
Sm ovate-lanceloate smooth leaf. Girth >3m, short buttresses. 1cm flowers, short stalked fruit, small nut ovate-oblong with short sharp point, 3 outer, 2 inner wings.
S gratissima
Shorea guiso
membatu(balau group)
From China to Malaya, Sumatra, Philippines, Borneo. Endangered. Small, thin 16 nerved leaves, 9 x 4 cm. Leaves larger on saplings than on mature trees. Planted 6/07.selangan batu merahFr Philippino name. Cochin China, Thailand, Sumatra, Malaya, Borneo, Philippines. Common in weakly seasonal tropics. Large emergent to 60m, 1.6m diam. Norsham 5.13.

Shorea-guiso-2_sm

Shorea-guiso-stipule_sm 
Shorea-guiso-1_sm
Shorea hemsleyana
chengal pasir daun besar
Malay peninsula and Sarawak, especially in swampy land on lower Perak. Common in Ijok and Parit. Timber worked in Parit sawmill, but not plentiful.
Shorea-hemsleyanaShorea-hemsleyana,-stipule
Shorea henryana
meranti jerit
(scream)
From south lower Burma, S Laos and Vietnam, and SE peninsular Thailand to Perlis, north Kedah and Langkawi. Yellow crown, ovate lanceolate leaves glaucous or pink under, rusty pink twigs. Timber hardest, heaviest, most difficult to saw. 2 planted 8/08.
S henryana
Shorea hopeifolia
damar siput jantan
Borneo, Sumatra, Malay peninsula, but not Selangor; near streams. Large winged fruit, 3 outer wings (5cm x 1 cm), 2 inner wings (3cm x .5cm), all red when mature.
Shorea-hopeifoliaShorea-hopeifolia-leaves
Shorea hypochra
meranti temak
(meranti pa’ang group)
Cambodia, S. China, Thailand, Riau, Lingga, Malaya. Usually in low swampy forest. Endangered. Large oval to elliptic-oblong leathery leaves. Planted 6/07.
Shorea-hypochraShorea-hypochra,-stipule
 Shorea kudatensis Wood ex Meijer

seraya kuning

Of Kudat, Sabah. Endemic in NE Sabah. Large emergent to 45m, 1.9m diam, low rounded buttresses. Endangered. Norsham 5.13.

S kudatensis
Shorea lamellata Foxw.
meranti lapis
Riau, Borneo, Malaya.
S Perak, now critically endangered. Oblong hairly leaves with c 24 prs prominent main nerves. Often >3m girth, short stout buttresses. TH 6.2012
S lammellata
Shorea laevis Ridl.
kumus
Burma, Thailand, N Sumatra, Borneo, Malaya. Common on inland ridges, often with S. curtisii   Probably largest trees in balau group. Fresh leaves bright yellow midrib.HSBG Tawau, Sabah, fr Tunas Harapan ’12.
S leavisS leavis leaf
Shorea lepidota
meranti langgong
Sumatra and Malaya, except Perlis, Kelantan, Selangor, usually on low land. Deeply fissured bark (mature), thin oblong glabrescent leaves, & saplings with persistent falcate stipules and downy twigs.
Shorea-lepidota
Shorea leprosula Miq
meranti  tembaga
red meranti group of Shorea
Throughout the peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo. Used to be common on well drained lowland soils and the most abundant form of meranti; now much reduced but still common in protected areas, regenerates vigorously. 11 planted inside front fence in 1989, now (Jan 08) the largest has a CBH of 158 cm, 62″. Yellowish brown crown. Leaves elliptical, short blunt acuminate; about 15 nerved, yellow tomentose on lower surface. Twigs hairy.1 new specimen June 2008, pictured below.

 Shorea-leprosula

S leprosula dry leafShorea-leprosula-1
Shorea longisperma
meranti damar hitam(meranti damar hitamgroup)
E. Sumatra, Borneo, Malaya (mainly S). In undulating & low forest, up to 300m. Rare scattered tree; once locally common in parts of Selangor, now critically endangered. V. large trees, fallen leaves curled up, reddish brown on upper, pale and hairy on lower. 13 nerved, petiole 12mm coarsely stellate hairy. Planted 6/07.
Shorea-longisperma
 Shorea lumutensis Sym.
balau putih
Endemic, only from coastal hills in Dindings, Perak. Critically endangered. fissured bark, glaucous, leathery, elliptic-oblong leaves.S lumutensis leaf
S lumutensis
Shorea macrantha Brandis
kepong hantu, cengal/meranti pasir
Sumatra, Sarawak, Malaya (lower Sg Perak, E Pahang & Johor). Swampy areas, critically endangered by land conversion. Drooping branchlets; unequal sided leaves, tomentose; large wingless fruits.New specimen June 2008 pictured below. Shorea-macrantha
Shorea-macrantha_stipShorea macrantha stipule.
Shorea macroptera
melantai
(red meranti group)
Malaya, Sumatra, west Borneo. In low lying well drained forest, to 900m. Frequently assoc with seraya (S. curtisii). Leaves obovate oblong, 13 x 5 cm, variable, frequently folded along midrib, 15 nerved, drying dull yellow brown. Planted 6/07.
Shorea-macroptera
S materialis seedling
Shorea materialis
balau pasir
Endemic species limited to east coasts of Pahang, Johor and possibly Trengganu. Name refers to sandy habitat on river banks. Broad ovate,
glaucous, leathery leaves, prefers low flat land, but largely logged from accessible areas.
S materialis trunk
Shorea maxima
meranti sengkawang putih
(meranti damar hitam group)
Endemic Perak, S Pahang, & Kelantan. Once common in T. Malim on low hills. Endangered but conserved in parks. Dense crown w/twisted branches, large flowers, large wingless fruits. Small girth, rarely 2m. Leaves oblong lanceolate, 16 x 6cm, 9 nerved. Planted 6/07.
Shorea-maxima
Shorea maxwelliana
damar laut daunkecil
Essentially Malaya, sometimes in Borneo. Prefers well drained positions to 700m, more common on low ridges. Small elliptic/ovate-lanceolate leaves, faintly nerved and usually glaucous under.

Shorea-maxwelliana-1Shorea-maxwelliana-trunk

Shorea-maxwelliana-3-leavesShorea-maxwelliana-leaf
 Shorea mecistopteryx

kawang burung (Sabah), engkabang burung (Sarawak)

Borneo endemic. Large emergent tree, vulnerable due to land conversion. Leaves chartaceous, brittle when dry, blade oblong up to 30 x 12 cm.

Shorea multiflora
damar hitam
Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo. Often on ridges in association with seraya (S. curtisii) & kumus (S. leavis). Small leaves dry light, golden brown under; small wingless fruits. Understorey tree.
Shorea-multiflora
Shorea ochrophloia
seraya batu(balau group)
Endemic, all states of Malaya, sporadically on low well drained land & hills up to 300m. Once common, now critically endangered. Yellow grey bole, large trees, girth up to 3m, short buttresses, crown large, heavy, dark coloured. Leaves ovate to elliptic-ovate, 7 x 5cm, 15 nerved. Planted 6/07.
Shorea-ochrophloia
Shorea ovalis
kepong
Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo. A common meranti in lowland forest, favouring lowland and stream side. Boat shaped scabrid leaves, hairy twigs, semi-persistent triangular stipules. One of the largest and tallest trees, often >4m girth (2m in 45 yrs?), sharp buttresses. Light red meranti timber.S ovalis
Shorea-ovalis
Shorea ovata
meranti sarang punai bukit
Malaya, w Sumatra, Borneo, Mindanao. Rarely
found outside preferred habitat 600-1300m asl.
Oblong hairy stipules to 13mm. Slow growth cf
other dark red merantis. 1 from TH 11/09.
Shorea-ovata-2
Shorea parvifolia
meranti sarang punai
Widely distributed, up to 800m, but generally most at 500m. Frequently the most abundant species of Shorea present in any forest. Semi persistent
triangular stipules.
Shorea-parvifoliaShorea-parvifolia-2
Shorea pauciflora
nemesu
Malaya, Sumatra, N. Borneo. Low but well drained habitat, up to 700m. Common in Ijok FR, Perak. Scaly bole, purplish brown dried leaves,
inconspicuous tertiary nerves.
Shorea peltata Sym.
meranti telepok
E Sumatra, W and central Borneo, NE Johor in Jemaluang FR. Low land, critically endangered in Malaya. Peltate leaves, telepok for similarity to lotus leaf. 1 fr Tunas Harapan ’12.
S peltataS peltata leaf
Shorea platycarpa
meranti paya
red meranti group
Malaya, E. Sumatra. Edges of swamp forests from coastal Perak & Trengganu to Singapore. Locally abundant in Parit. Endangered. Coarsely fissured bark, dark coloured crown, & broad scabrid or tomentose leaves. Elliptic, 17 nerved.
Shorea_platycarpa
Shorea platyclados
meranti bukit, karai
Mountainous areas of Malaya, Sumatra and Borneo in upper dipterocapr forest zone, higher than any other Shorea. Rich stands at the Gap, Fraser’s Hill. Flattened branchlets, smooth lanceolate leaves with sharply keeled midrib. Up to 5.5m girth, buttresses stout, bark falling in flat scales. Much logged, endangered.Shorea-platyclados-stip_sm 
S platyclados

Shorea resinosa
meranti belang
(meranti pa’ang group)
Sumatra, Malaya, W Sarawak. Wide range but rare, on undulating hills blw 500m. Critically endangered by habitat loss. Elliptic lanceolate smooth leaf 10 x 4 cm with 13 nerves prominently yellow against darker under surface of dried leaf. Large trees, over 3m girth, no buttresses. Planted 6/07.
2 new specimens June 2008, pictured to the right.
Shorea-resinosa
Shorea-resinosa-stipule

Shorea roxburghii
temak
meranti pa’ang group of Shorea
From India (deciduous) to Malaya, very adaptable, north of the Malaya-Burma floristic division. Characteristic of Schima-bamboo forest in Perlis and Kedah. Thick bark, oblong thin, long petioled leaves. Tolerates drought and fire. Likely to expand its range with increasing dryness in remaining forests. It flowers and fruits when just a few years old. Formerly S. talura.
Shorea-roxburghiiShorea-roxburghii_flw
Shorea seminis (de Vriese) Slootenselangan batu terendak

Borneo and Philippines. Locally common along rivers. Large emergent to 45m.

S seminis SabahS seminis Sabah leaf
Shorea singkawang
meranti sengkawang
(red meranti group)
Malaya, Lingga, E. Sumatra. In lowland forest from Kedah & Kelantan to Johor. Usually on well drained land up to 400m. Not common. Large purple brown dead leaves, elliptic 20 x 8cm, 13 nerved; large fruits almost wingless. Planted 6/07.

Shorea-singkawang-stipule

S singkawang
Shorea singkawang var. scabrosa.Shorea singkawang var.scabrosameranti sengkawang (red meranti)Malaya, Lingga, e Sumatra. This sub sp (13 nerved leaf) only in E Terengganu & Pahang, rare, critically endangered. Large purple dead leaves (elliptic oblong 20cm). Shorea singkawang var. scabrosa stipule.
Shorea sumatrana
sengkawang (balaugroup)
Sumatra, Malay peninsula, generally on the east coast. Frequently in lowlying swampy habitats along the banks of rivers. Critically endangered by population fragmentation and habitat destruction. Twigs glabrous, leaves elliptic-oblong with about 10 pairs of nerves sharply prominent on undersurface. Fruits have reduced wings, adapted for water dispersal. This was one of the first Dipterocarps planted at Rimbun Dahan in 1990, and the single specimen has a girth of 90 cm (2008). The revised edition of Symington notes a much slower growth rate, to 60 cm in 19 years.This specimen was felled by a freak gust of wind, 12 Nov 2009. Seedlings propagated from it will be planted at Rimbun Dahan.Shorea-sumatrana-2Shorea sumatrana flower.
Shorea-sumatrana-1
Shorea symingtonii Wood.C.F. Symington (1905-1943) master of the dipterocarps.

melapi kuning

Endemic to Borneo, confined to eastern Sabah, scattered in dipterocarp forest on clay rich soils.. Large emergent tree to 50m.

S symingtoniiS symingtonii leaf
Shorea sp.(balau)Seed from Johor.  Undescribed species. Shorea-sp
Shorea sp.(At old fountain) Shorea-sp.-no-ID-front-foun
Shorea sp.(Front fountain) Shorea-sp-no-ID-at-old-foun
Shorea sp.

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Genus Parashorea

Genus Parashorea

A genus in the family Dipterocarpaceae.

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Parashorea densiflora
meranti pasir
Endemic to southern half of peninsula. Scattered in undulating or hilly forests up to 450m. Now endangered, perhaps critically, by land conversion. Small hairly leaves, and globose fruits with reflexed calyx lobes. Med to lg trees, up to 4m girth; crown heavy dark coloured.

Parashorea-densiflora

Parashorea-densiflora-trunk
Parashorea malaanonan
urat mata daun licin
Borneo white seraya, not found in Malaya.TH 6.2012. (Tagalog, mala=false, anonang=the custard apple) Borneo, Philippines. Widespread in Sabah. To 60m, 2m diam, dense dome shaped crown. Vulnerable, cut for timber. Norsham 5.13.
P malaanonanP malaanonan new leaf
Parashorea tomentella Symington
Meijer
urat mata beludu
Latin, tomentellus = with small stuffing (eg a pillow): the indumentum. Emergent to 65m, 2m diam. Borneo endemic. Vulnerable.Norsham 5.13, all 3 planted in Sabah area, to NNW. 
Parashorea tomantella SabahParashorea tomantella new leaf

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Genus Hopea

Genus Hopea

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A genus in the family Dipterocarpaceae.

Hopea auriculata Foxw.
merawan
Rare endemic fr Panti, Johor & G. Tapis, Pahang. Lanceolate few nerved leaf w/ almost invisible tertiary venation, and auriculate fruit, 2 winged, 7×1.5cm. Small trees, smooth bark. 3 planted NW of large clump of nibong palms on stream.
H auriculata newH auriculata leaf new
     Hopea beccariana Burck

      merawan batu

Borneo, E Sumatra, Malaya. Throughout peninsula, esp coastal hills of Penang and Dindings. Small populations surviving at Muka Head, Penang. Hard fissured bark and broad, long petioled leaves, to 3m girth. Resembles H latifolia, but H latifolia does not have regularly deep-fissured bark. These trees too young to differentiate. 3 planted on north fence of tennis court, now with many seedlings.

 H beccariana
Hopea bilitonensis Ashton
no recorded local name
Banka, Bilitung, once on Perak limestone. Long, narrow, equal-based leaves w/remotely tertiary scalariform nerves. Winged ovate fruits, 1 cm w/short point, sepals narrowly winged at base, 2 longer and 3 shorter than nut. 2 planted E & SE of Rumah Balai.
H billitonensisHopea-bilitonensis
Hopea coriacea Burck

Borneo and east coast of peninsula from s Kelantan to s Pahang. Rare, possibly extinct in peninsula. Large ovate, leathery glabrous leaf w invisible nervules, and the pointed fruits with 2 long wings and 3 papery lobes. 3 planted on N fence to Lg Belimbing uphill from Rumah Balai.

 

H coreaceaeH coreaceae leaf
Hopea dryobalanoides
mata kuching hitam
Sumatra, Borneo, Malaya (Kedah, Perak, Sel, NS, Pahang). Endangered. Thin elliptic to oblong lanceolate dryobalanoid leaves. Small trees, adventitious aerial roots; tear-like stalactitic exudations of pale damar. Two planted on back fence early 90s, one more 6/07, W of nibong clump in stream valley.
Hopea-dryobalanoidesH dryobalanoides canopy
Hopea ferrea  Lanessan
malut, cengal batu
Indochina, Thailand, NW Malaya, this from Langkawi. Near or on rocky hills; now endangered. Shaggy bole, small leafed crown that is red in new leaf. Fr Tunas Harapan 6.2012, in front lawn, south of upper pond.
H ferreaH ferrea stipule

Hopea ferruginea
Parjis
mata kucing merah, merawan jangkung
Malaya, Sumatra, Riau, Borneo; Melaka, NS, Johor, on low undulating land. Habitat loss now endangered. Buttresses sharp, stilt roots, bark cracked w/clear dammar. In front lawn, S of upper pond.
Hopea-ferruginea
Hopea johorensis
merawan mata kucing pipit
Endemic, confined to E Johor. Vulnerable. Reddish brown powdery surface of the bole, exudations of damar mata kucing and small many nerved leaves. Fr Tunas Harapan 6.2012. Specimen died, to be replaced.
 Hopea-johorensis
Hopea mengarawan
merawan penak, pengarawan jangkang
Sumatra, Malaya, Borneo. East coast & south
peninsula. On low, often swampy land. Often stilt-rooted, jangkang. Endangered, habitat loss, small
stipules, reversing curve before falling. Large
leathery, many veined leaves; fruits 2 winged.
1 fr TH 11.09

Hopea nervosa
merawan jangkang
Borneo & Malaya. Endangered by habitat loss, all states. Smooth barked Hopea up to 2.5m girth. Large oblong leaves w prominent main nerves; large fruits, 2 winged to 10cm; jangkangprominent stilt roots. 1 fr TH 11.09.
Hopea-nervosa Hopea-nervosa-leaf
Hopea nutans
giam
Trengganu, Pahang, Johor, sometimes in gregarious and rich stands. Timber very hard heavy and durable, hence greatly depleted. several planted at front, c 20 m from fence, others E of service road to red store.
Hopea-nutans
Hopea odorata
chengal pasir
Indo-China, Burma, Siam, Andaman Is. and north Malaya. Rarely far from streams. Identified by pore-like domatia in leaf axils. Flower petals pale yellow, fruits 2 winged; nut ovate conical. Timber: merawan, commercial in Burma & Siam. Planted along entrance road to main house.
Hopea-odorataHopea-odorata-2
Hopea pierrei HANCE
merawan palung (trough, ref sunken rib)
S Indochina, Thailand, Pasoh FR, Ulu GombakFR, now endangered by conversion and logging.  This fr Gombak.  Small ovate-acuminate many nerved leaf with midrib depressed on upper surface. Fr Tunas Harapan 6.2012, in front lawn, E of upper pond.
Hopea-pierrii
Hopea polyalthioides
giam rambai (Ulu Gombak)
Rare endemic, only in well drained forest in one valley in Panti FR Johor; maybe extinct, but this fr Ulu Gombak. Large, long-oblong leaves arranged in distichous sprays and velvety young twigs. Fr Tunas Harapan 6.2012, N of upper pond close to stream crossing.
Hopea-polyalthiodes-2Hopea-polyalthiodes
Hopea pubescens
merawan bunga
Endemic to Kelantan and Pahang on flat drained land & low hills. Fissured bark, pubescent twigs and small leaves (sparsely hairy on midrib that is sunk on upper surface). Fruit 2 wings only 2cm long, v. small nut. Planted in ’95 (?) in Jambu plot, S of Ahmad’s red sculpture.
Hopea-pubescens
Hopea sangal
mersiput
Thailand, Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo, islands of Sunda shelf. Typically near rivers. In extreme north its place is taken by closely related and very similar H. odorata (cengal pasir). Vulnerable because of lowland habitat. Planted 6/07, S of laterite road to back.
Hopea-sangal
Hopea subalata
merawan kancing
Endemic to Kancing FR Selangor. Thin oval ovate, caudate-acuminate subdyrobalanoid leaves and almost wingless fruits.  Small smooth barked Hopea to 1m girth, buttresses stilted, w/ adventitious stilt roots, bole straight but not tall. SE of Bulatan Plong, beside path to Uda Manap.
Hopea-subulata
Hopea sp.
Planted June 2012, from Maxwell Hill, Bukit Larut. S of east studio.

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Genus Dipterocarpus

Genus Dipterocarpus

A genus in the family Dipterocarpaceae.

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Dipterocarpus baudii
keruing bulu
Indo China, Burma, Thailand, Malaya, Sumatra. In every state, but rare, used to be comparatively abundant in Sungai Buloh. Rapid early growth, girth of 3′ in 20 years. Prefers low lying but well drained forest. 2 located E of northern end of stream valley, one on back fence in line with back of Uda Manap.
D-baudii-stipuleDipterocarpus-baudii
Dipterocarpus caudiferus Merr.
keruing putihLatin, cauda = tail, ferre = to bear (the narrow acumen of leaf apex). Immense emergent tree to 65m, columnar bole and buttresses to 3.5m. Endemic Borneo, not in S & SW. Norsham 5.13.
 D caudiferus 1D caudiferus leaf
Dipterocarpus chartaceus
keruing kertas
From Thailand to Johor, but rare, generally in low coastal locations. Crisp papery dead leaf. Twigs are terminated by buds protected by sheathing stipules that fall to reveal a young folded leaf and another expanding bud beneath.
D-chartaceus-stipule
Dipterocarpus cornutus
keruing gombang
Malaya & Borneo.
Rare over large areas, but common in parts of Perak, Ulu Selangor, K. Pilah, w. Pahang and w. Johor. Conspicuous crown of large light coloured leaves. Twigs and buds covered with velvety tomentum. Leaves oblong, 20 x 12 cm, with c. 20 prs nerves, ridges between.
Dipterocarpus-cornutus
Dipterocarpus costulatus
keruing kipas
All states Malaya, Sumatra, N. Borneo. On low lying flood prone land, & on hills. Endangered. Leathery, glabrous, ridged leaf acute at the base. Grey bole, bark studded with lenticles, stipules to 16 cm, tomentose, pastel pink. Planted 6/07.
Dipterocarpus-costulatus
Dipterocarpus crinitus Dyer
keruing mempalas
Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo; these from Labis FR, Johor. Prefers low drained land, now vulnerable, small population at Pasoh. Small harshly hairy oval leaf. Stipules up to 5 x 2.5 cm, boat shaped, smooth or w/deciduous hairs, pink when fresh. Viable fruits rare, excessively insect predated. 2 in front on N side, under Durians.

D-crinitus-stipule

D-crinitus-saplingDipterocarpus-crinitus
Dipterocarpus elongatus
keruing latek
Malaya, NE Sumatra, N Borneo. Usually in low lying forest, near swamps or on flood prone land, critically endangered by land conversion. Large many nerved leaves, & large wingless fruits. 3 planted NW of upper pond, indistinguishable from D cornutus planted later. 1 D. elongatus well established W of service driveway near original red store.
Dipterocarpus-elongatusDipterocarpus-elongatus_st
Dipterocarpus eurhyncus Miq.
keruing baran
Sumatra, Borneo, S Philippines, Malaya in east coast south of KT, was common Arong FR Johor, now critically endangered. Small ridged leaf.From Tunas Harapan 6.2012.
Dipterocarpus-eurynchus
Dipterocarpus gracilis
keruing kesat
Chittagong, Andamans, Vietnam, Malaya, Java, Sumatra, Philippines. Endangered. Grey bole w/reddish patches where scales have fallen; finely lenticillated bark. Leaves 15 x 8 cm, 14 -18 nerved. Planted 6/07.
D-gracilis-stipule
Dipterocarpus grandiflorus
keruing belimbing
From Andamans to Philippines; widespread in Malaya. Name from calyx tube like belimbing. Bole light yellow, scaly, with smooth lenticellate portions. Stipules v. large before falling, 18 x 5 cm, purple pink when fresh. Fruits among the largest of the genus. Young leaves of saplings dark purple. Planted 6/07, S of path to Uda Manap near Bulatan Plong.

 

D-grandiflorus-2D-grandiflorus-3
 Dipterocarpus humeratus Slooten
keruing kerukupLatin humeris = shoulder; the articulated petiole. Sumatra & Borneo. In mixed Dipterocarp foests on well drained clay soils. Emergent tree to 50m with 2m buttresses. Norsham 5.13. 3 located E of upper end of stream valley.
 D humeratus treeD humeratus stipule
Dipterocarpus kerrii King
keruing gondol
Andaman Islands, Burma, Thailand, Malaya, east Sumatra, Philippines. Widely distibuted, tends to be gregarious, but absent from large areas particularly on the east coast. Rather small shiny, few nerved long petioed leaves, stipules silky on inside. Large globose fruits. Norsham 5.13;  5 planted north of chicken coop.D kerriileaf
 D kerrii
Dipterocarpus kunstleri
keruing gombang merah
Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines. Lowlands, now endangered. Twigs w/broad stipular collars, large glabrous leaves. Young boles marked w/horizontal furrows, older yellowish bark studded w/diffuse, medium lenticels. Linear stipules. Leaves broad ovate or elliptic, 22 x 15 cm, 15 nerved, petioles 5-7 cm, black, glabrous. Planted 6/07.
Dipterocarpus-kunstleri
Dipterocarpus oblongifolius Bl.
keruing neram
Borneo, Malaya, along rivers above tidal zone, strictly riparian. Rare in west, but in Bubu FR Perak. Secure in Taman Negara, but threatened elsewhere. Thick fissured bark, sub-ovate velvety leaves. Fr Tunas Harapan 6.2012, located NNW of upper pond.
Dipterocarpus-oblongifolius
Dipterocarpus sarawakensis Sloot
keruing layang
Sarawak, Brunei, south Borneo, & near Kemaman River, Terengganu. On low leached sandy soils. Extinct in Malaya? Small obovate obtuse leaf, wavy margin towards apex, short petiole, dense coarse indumentum. Fr Tunas Harapan 6.2012. One located in open path to W of Bulatan Plong, the latter from TH in front near grove of Shorea sumatrana.
Dipterocarpus-sarawakensis-2Dipterocarpus-sarawakensis
Dipterocarpus sublamellatus Foxw.
keruing kerut
Sumatra, N Borneo, Malaya. Most abundant on undulating land s of Temerloh, scattered on west coast. Small ridged leaves, sub-lamellate fruits. Fr Tunas Harapan 6.2012. Also 3 trees north of Dance studio, originally identified as D. dyeri, fruited in 2014, and seem to be D. sublamellatus.
Dipterocarpus-sublamellatus-2

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First Turtle Hatchery Season at Chendor

First Turtle Hatchery Season at Chendor

Pak Su of the Geliga Hatchery is keeping a watchful eye on our hatchery at Chendor Beach, at the northern tip of Cherating in Pahang. Rimbun Dahan is building a small “eco” resort on the beach and the first thing that’s operational is the hatchery for mostly Green Turtles.

This egg-laying season, which peaked between April and September, we bought 5,880 eggs and reburied them on Chendor Beach. We estimate that by the time all have hatched we will have a success rate of about 60%. Gestation takes between 45 and 60 days and when Pak Su considers it appropriate he excavates the nest to check on the status of the eggs: often tree roots can prevent them escaping the nest, and on our site the sand is too fine, leading to compaction after rain that can make it very difficult for the turtles to dig themselves out.

We release all our hatchlings within 24 hours of hatching to ensure that they have the largest energy reserves to start their journey. And thanks to all the generous people who have given money to Pak Su to buy more eggs — your kindness has been recorded on the door!

Family Violaceae

Family Violaceae
Rinorea horneri

Malesia, exc. Java & Lesser Sundas, shrub to 3m with radially
symmetrical flowers in sessile or shortly stalked clusters. Common
throughout Malaya, lowland primary forest below 300m., sometimes on
limestone & freshwater swamps.

Rinorea-horneri

Rinorea-horneri2