Family Anacardiaceae

Bouea oppositifolia
kundang daun kecil

Common to 700m. Edible but acid fruit, can be eaten raw or steamed.
Resinous smell of crushed leaf distinguishes it from Eugenia and Mesua.

Buchanania arborescens
otak udang

Common fr. Andamans to Australia on coasts and river banks. Crown
conspicuous with cream flowers between April and June. Leaf apex obtuse,
rounded or emarginated, young leaves pink. Drupe green to red, green

Campnosperma squamatum
daun kecil

Malesia. Widely distributed from mountains to swamps. Trees to 30m
with distinct terminalia branching. Buttresses short, rarely stilt
roots. Leaves spiral, short stalk. Flowers yellowish green, drupe
green speckled white.

Dracontomelon dao

Indo-Malesia, frequent in Malaya by rivers and in forest or planted
in villages. Common in north. Similar to sentang except leaf stalks
stouter. Leaves large (12-22″), 5-11 prs leaflets. Up to 30m,
deciduous, dense rounded crown. White flowers in hanging panicles.

Mangifera caesia

Malaya, Sumatra. Common in orchards, esp. in Melaka. Flowers pale
lilac in pink panicles.

Mangifera foetida


Siam, Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Indochina. Common in orchards and forests to 600m.
To 36m, drupe long 7-10cm, ripening green
yellow, strong smell of turpentine when ripe.
Edible. 2 fr TH 11.09.


Mangifera foetida.
Mangifera macrocarpa

15 spp in Malaya. Thailand, Cambodia, Malesia. Rare. Lowland forests Kelantan, Trengganu, Perak, Pahang, Malacca & NS. Big tree, to 33m . Leaf stalk 3-6cm, blade long & narrow with long petiole. Drupe 80-12cm, yellow fibrous flesh.

Mangifera magnifica

Common, widely distributed in lowland and hill forests, expect Perlis & Penang. Endemic. To 54m, 3m girth.Leaves closely spirally arranged, blade stiffly leathery (thickest leafed Mangifera in Malaya). Drupe oblong, 11x 7cm when dry, fibrous.

Mangifera magnifica

Mangifera magnifica.
Mangifera pentandra Hook.

mempelam bemban

Occasionally in villages, common in Kedah. Very similar to Mangifera indica. Fr TH 6.2012.

Mangifera quadrifida

sepam, asam kumbang

To 40m, bark brown fissured, scaly. Flowers greenish white, fragrant.
Drupe dark purple when ripe, flesh fibrous, sweet to sour. Cult. in
villages, wild throughout Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo.

Parishia insignis

surian, sepal

Large buttressed forest trees, Andamans to Borneo. Uncommon. Apparently
deciduous, flowers and new leaves together, but this spp, matures
its fruits while the crown is bare.

Parishia maingayi

surian, sepal

Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines. Perak,
Terengganu, Johor, Selangor. Scattered but
locally abundant on ridges to 600m. Flowers
white in long hairy panicles, fruit brown velvety,
with long enlarged calyx wings. 1 fr TH 11.09.

Parishia maingayi.
Parishia paucijuga.Parishia paucijuga

surian, sepal

To 40m, widely distributed Malaya, Singapore,
Sumatra, Borneo. Genus has white latex, leaves
spirally arranged, pinnate w terminal leaflet,
yellow flowers w parts in 4s, hairy fruit w 4 wing
like enlarged sepals, ‘shuttlecocks’. 1 fr TH 11.09.

Parishia paucijuga leaf.
Pentaspadon motleyi

plong licin

Malesia, Solomon Is. Swampy forest, by streams. Once common here
in Sg. Plong. To 36m, 2m girth, thin spreading buttresses. Bark
grey, dippled to scaly. Deciduous, then cream fragrant flowers in
branched panicles in March and Oct. Young leaves pink. Wood oil
treats skin diseases.