Family Dilleniaceae

Dillenia grandifolia

simpoh

Ten species in Malaya. Cut wood hisses loudly, twigs leave prominent
horse-shoe shaped leaf scars. Large tree, deciduous after dry weather,
buttresses merge into stilts. Flowers without petals. All states but
Perlis. Sumatra, Borneo.

Dillenia-grandifolia-2 Dillenia-grandifolia-trunk

Dillenia-grandifolia

 

Dillenia philippinensis

simpoh

Philippines. (J.J. Dillenius, 1684-1747, German botanist, professor
at Oxford). Flowers large, solitary, petals falling first day, fruit
covered by thick fleshy edible sepals that make cough syrup &
shampoo. Bark yields a red dye.

Dillenia reticulata
simpoh gajahMalaya, Sumatra, Borneo. To 40m ht & 3m girth. Flowers, 7cm, at
end of leafless twig or with new leaves, petals yellow. Leaf base
broadly tapering to round or heart shaped; 16-45 prs secondary nerves
& fine tertiary network, raised on under surface, covered with
velvety hairs.
Dillenia-recticulata

Dillennia-reticulata

Dillenia suffruticosa
simpoh airLarge evergreen shrub to 7m, often forming thickets. Common in secondary
forests, esp. swampy ground, most in south. Flowers continuously,
each open for just a day. Fruit ripe in 36 days.
Dillenia suffruticosa

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Dillenia sp.

simpoh

Ten species in Malaya. Bark rich orange brown, large white flowers,
edible fruits, dispersed by elephants or water. From India to W. Malesia,
often near streams.