Family Lamiaceae

Clerodendrum bungei (Previously Clerodendron bungei in Family Verbenaceae)
China. Cultivated. Many tropical species from this genera are attributed with spiritual & magical properties.
Clerodendrum bungei.
Clerodendrum fragrans (Previously Clerodendron fragrans in Family Verbenaceae)
popkok rabu kambang, exhilaration tree

China. Used by Malays for rheumatism and ague, or with other substances fro treating skin diseases.
Clerodendrum fragrans.
Clerodendrum paniculatum (Previously Clerodendron paniculatum in Family Verbenaceae)
panggil panggil
Burma, s. China to Java, but not known in the wild. Summons spirits. One of the plants used to sprinkle tepung tawar in weddings, blessing fish stakes & ‘in the taking of the rice-soul’ (Burkill). Infusion is purgative. Elephant medicine, to protect them from harm.
Clerodendrum paniculatum.

Clerodendrum paniculatum.

Peronema canescens
(Previously in Family Verbenaceae)
Malaya, Sumatra, Java, Borneo. Common in secondary forest and near rivers and clearings in primary forest. Small tree. Compound leaves increase in size from basal pair upwards, leaflets sessile, young leaves rich purple.
Premna foetida
(Previously in Family Verbenaceae)
buas buas
Malay peninsula, Java, Borneo. Straggling shrub, twigs and stalks finely hairy. Coastal forests, used to treat fever, asthma.
Tectona grandis
(Previously in Family Verbenaceae)
India, Siam, W. Malesia to the Philippines, not wild in Malaya. Large deciduous tree, prefers open monsoon forest where a dormant period is forced by dry weather. Flowering and fruiting after new leaves emerge with wet weather.