- Family Lecythidaceae
- Family Lythraceae
India, SE China to Maluku, wild on rocky headlands of east coast and
|Archidendron jiringa / Pithecelobium jiringa
LEGUMINOSAE subfamily Mimosoideae
Burma, Thailand, W. Malesia. Fruit eaten raw or blanched. Pounded
Shrub or small tree to 8m, mainly coastal but also inland, from India to Micronesia. Knobbly pod
India, Siam, through Malaya, common exc. Johor. Big, up to 40m, straight bole, sometimes fluted, like sepetir (Sindora), buttress
keranji kertas besar
Uncommon, Malaya, Sumatra, Banka, Java, Borneo. Found west of Wallace’s Line. Big slender trees. Pod roundish, brittle, one seeded; aril function transferred to the endocarp, pulpy and edible. Fruits traded to Singapore (Burkill).
S Malaya, Billiton, Banka, Borneo. Locally common, esp coastal Pahang. In low lying areas incl peat swamp. Fr Tunas Harapan 6.2012.
keranji kuning besar
Common throughout Malayan lowland forest. Sumatra and Borneo, genus
keranji kuning kecil
In Malesia all spp. west of Wallace’s Line. Big slender trees, to
Throughout Malaya, Siam, Andamans, Malesia to W. New Guinea. Common
Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo. The outstanding tree of Malaysia’s forests,
V. big, to 80m, columnar bole, crown bright to pale green, sub-crowns
Common throughout Malaya, Burma, Siam, west Malesia. To 30 m, crown dense, bole form often poor. Flowers in terminal panicle, deep purple. Large pods, splitting open when fallen on ground. 1 or 2 seeds per pod.
Malaya, Sumatra, Banka, Borneo. Scattered in coastal forest and along rivers, uncommon. Leaflets like kempas (Koompassia malaccensis) thinly gold and velvety to glabrous below.
Tunas Harapan 6.2012.
Frequently planted in villages, also wild scattered in lowland forest. Pods 12 to 16″ long, straight, wavy or twisted, strongly swollen at the seeds. Young pods and mature seeds esteemed as vegetable, reeking of garlic.
|Pithecellobium clypearia (Mimosaceae)
petai belalang, cahar
Abundant in belukar (secondary forest) India to Borneo.
Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo. Huge column-like trees, to 50m, massive bole and crown. Deciduous for a few weeks, flowering soon after, fruiting 2 months later. Common. This species recognized by glabrous leaves and smooth pods.
sepetir daun nipis
Malaya and Riau, on hillsides and ridges, sometimes coastal. Big trees,
Africa; introduced by Arab traders to India & SEAsia (tamar-ul-Hind,