Family Malvaceae

New.Durio lowianus

(May also be family Bombacaceae or Durionaceae — disputed)

durian daun

Sumatra, Malaya (all states exc Perlis, Penang,

Malacca). Big tree to 50m, flowers sometimes

have bright red petals, fruits green to yellow;

closely resembles D. malaccensis. 1 fr TH 11.09

Durio lowianus.
Durio malaccensis
durian batang

(May also be family Bombacaceae or Durionaceae — disputed)

Terengganu, Selangor, NS, Melaka, Johor; Sumatra. Med. tree to 35 m,
1m girth. Flowers mainly on trunk, esp. lower part. Petals white tipped
with pink. Fruits red, globular.

Durio zibethinusdurian kampong

(May also be family Bombacaceae or Durionaceae — disputed)

Widespread in cultivation in the Asiatic tropics, possibly wild in Sumatra and Borneo. Large tree to 40 m and 3m girth. Lower surface of leaf blade densely covered with silvery or golden scales.

Firmiana malayanamata lembu

Only one species in Malaya, recognized by membranous fruit dispersed
with seeds attached while Sterculia fruits and seeds are
dispersed separately. Deciduous after dry, then orange flowers (Corner’s
cover) quickly followed by fruit.

Firmiana malayana flower.
Heritiera javanicamengkulang jari

Indo-China, Siam, Malesia to Celebes. Widely distributed through Malaya,
except Perlis, Penang, Malacca.Lowland & hill forests to 600m.
Lg. tree to 43m and 3m girth. Thin buttresses, bark grey fawn , cracking
scaly. Terminal bud pointed, covered w/powdery hairs.

Pterospermum diversifoliumbayur

About 20 spp. from India to Moluku, 6 spp. Malaya. Leaves alternate,
asymmetric with obliquely heart-shaped base, coppery/rusty under.
Young twigs hairy, stipules entire, sapling leaves like adult but
with brownish tomentum. Uncommon, not south of Negri Sembilan.

Pterospermum diversifolium.
Pterygota alatakasah

To 50m, dense crown, plank buttresses. Old World tropics, 1sp. Malaya,
leaves spiral simple, heart shaped, stalk kneed, flowers unisexual,
5 sepals, no petals. Fruits roundish with long stalk, woody, split
along one side. Many seeds, with long wing.

Pterygota alata crown. Pterygota alata trunk.

Pterygota alata leaf.Pterygota alata peltate leaves.
New.Scaphium linearicarpumkembang semangkuk bulat

Malaya, all states exc Melaka andNegeri Sembilan. Tree to 36m,
sapling leaves very large, 5-7 lobed, 30cm stalk.
Fruit follicle 25 x 6cm, yellowish, hairy. Seed
hairy, 25 x 15 mm. 1 fr TH 11.09.

Scaphium linearicarpum leaf.

Scaphium linearicarpum.
New.Scaphium macropodumkembang semangkuk jantong

Cambodia, Siam, Sumatra, Borneo, Malaya; most common and widespread sp, on well drained land
and ridges; macropodum, long foot, ie fruit. Inflorescence
panicle red tomentose. 1 fr TH 11.09.

Scaphium macropodum.
Scaphium sp.kembang semangkuk

Large trees with short thick buttresses. Leaves spirally arranged,
sapling leaves v. large & palmately lobed. Spp. apparent when
mature. Flowers small, cream, upright. Fruit large green pod splits
on one side before mature. A seed cut and soaked in water makes mucilage
to fill a cup.

Scaphium sp.kembang semangkuk

4 spp in Malaya, this v rare endemic, from Parit FR, not yet described. Large deciduous trees with thick buttresses, leaves spiral, simple, v long stalks. Sm pale green fragrant flowers, seeds swell when soaked; edible, medicinal. 3 specimens Dec 2007.

Sterculia cordataMalaya, Sumatra, Java. Uncommon, Kedah, Langkawi, Penang, Perak, Selangor, Malacca, Johore. To 30m. Leaves heart shaped (cordata), undersurface dense softly hairy. Flowers pink, hairy, fragrant.
Sterculia foetidakelompang jari

East Africa to Queensland, on rocky and sandy coasts. Palmate compound
leaves; flowers 2 cm crimson foetid wooly in loose green panicles.
Deciduous after dry weather, flowers before or with new leaves. Saplings
like huge ubi kayu.

Sterculia foetida flowers.Sterculia foetida seed pod.Sterculia foetida old seed pod.

Sterculia foetida green seed pods.Sterculia foetida flowers.
Sterculia macrophyllakelompang

W. Malaysia, common in lowland and swampy forest. Deciduous every
7 to 9 months, flowers before new leaves develop. Spreading sharp
buttresses, bark smooth silver grey, massive twigs. Large leathery
leaf, hairy under. Flowers tiny, greenish yellow, in hanging racemes

Sterculia macrophylla flowers.

Sterculia macrophylla.
Sterculia monospermakelompang

Not indigenous to Southeast Asia.

Sterculia parviflorakelompang burung

NE India to Singapore, common. Flowers pale yellow and pink at base,
becoming reddish, hairy. Fruit velvety pods, yellow flushed pink,
ripening brilliant orange-red, black seeds.

Sterculia parviflora trunk.Sterculia parviflora flowers.

Sterculia parviflora flowers.
Sterculia parvifoliakelompang

Small tree. Endemic, Penang, Perak, Selangor, on hills. Narrow leaf
blade, flowers 1cm, reddish pink, pods to 4cm.

Sterculia parvifolia leaf.