Family Moraceae

Antiaris toxicaria

India, S. China, Malesia. Scattered in lowland forest in Malaya. Sap
an important ingredient of arrow poison. Bark grey, slightly fissured.
Male and female flowers on same tree, male on lower twigs, females
grouped in leaf axils. Fruit pear shaped, pulpy, crimson to black.

Artocarpus anisophyllus
keledang babi

The family includes cempedak and nangka; this species rare, in lowland
forest of Negri Sembilan, Johor, Sumatra to Borneo. No other plant
has leaflets arranged in this manner: large and small in regular order.

Artocarpus glaucus.New.Artocarpus glaucus


Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Malaya. Small tree to 18m, underside of leaf glaucous. Uncommon in hill & lowland forest. 1 fr TH 11.09

Artocarpus glaucus leaf.
Artocarpus lanceifolius

Widely distributed in Malaya but not abundant. Sumatra, Banka, Rhiau.
Medium to tall trees, bole with short buttresses, often hoop marked.
Seed covered with bright orange edible aril. Wood used for heavy construction
and Chinese coffins.

Artocarpus nitidus spp. griffithii

Siam, Indo-China, Sumatra, Borneo. In Malaya frequent in lowland forests,
occasionally in villages. Medium tree, bole w/ short buttresses. Inflorescence
solitary or paired in leaf axils, edible but gummy fruit w/ bright
pink flesh.

Artocarpus rigidus
temponek, tempunai

Frequent in lowland & hill forest all SE Asia. Thick white latex
in all parts, juvenile leaves lobed. Flowers unisexual, male (smaller)
& female heads on same tree. Fruit up to 15 cm Ø, ripening
orange, stiff conical spines (Latin name).

Artocarpus scortechinii
terap hitam, nangka pipit

Sumatra, Lingga. Scattered throughout Malaya in lowland forest. V.
similar to A. elasticus but bole darker, leaves not so large; upper
surface of leaves glabrous, lower densely hairy.

Ficus hispida


S. Asia to Australia. Common in the middle or north of Malaya, but not reported south of Selangor. These self-sewn. Twigs, leaves and figs set with short bristly white hairs. Figs on leafless hanging twigs from the trunks and main branches; ropes of figs up to 90 cm long, sometimes trailing on ground. Figs with 7-9 deeply coloured faint ribs radiating from the mouth, ripening greenish yellow.

Ficus fistulosa

India, s. China, Malesia. Very common. Small tree to 15m. Young twigs
hollow, easily broken. Figs borne in clusters on woody knobs on trunk
and main branches, ripening pale yellow.

Ficus maclellandii


Assam, Burma, Thailand. Listed by Corner of local interest in Perlis: “By the road at Bukit Ketri, where guano is collected from the precipitous sides, there is a large but rare strangling fig.” Twigs dark brown with white spots.

Ficus roxburghii

Himalayas, South China, Thailand. Figs have latex, twigs marked with
ring like scar at each node. Stem fig with large leaves and large
reddish figs in short ropes from the branches to the base of the trunk.
Edible fruit of these specimens sterile as it lacks its fertilizing


Ficus sp.

Twigs with ring stipule scar at each node. Latex. Flowers small, 3
kinds: male, female and gall (sterile female on which wasp develops)
set inside fleshy figs. Huge genus, each sp. having unique wasp (Blastophaga),
female exits fruit (male dies inside) after mating carrying pollen
& enters another fruit to lay eggs in gall flower.

Morus alba

Indian mulberry, besaram

North India. Leaves fed to silk worms or cattle. To Chinese, all parts
medicinal: restorative, tonic & astringent for nervous disorders.
Young leaves good for nursing mothers. Leaf decoction treats the blood,
gonorrhoea, & poisoned wounds.

Prainea limpato var. longipedunculata

from Sumatran name limpatoe

V. rare, from Ulu Gombak FR, Selangor. Dioecious trees, male head w/numerous flowers, female head has fewer. Peduncles (female flower stem) of this var. up to 25 cm long. 3 new specimens Dec 2007.

Streblus elongatus

Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo. Frequent in open country, often coppiced.
Bushy evergreen tree to 15m, high rounded crown. Young leaves pinkish
brown, flowers in hanging green spikes or catkins 3-8″ long,
singly or 2-4 together in leaf axils. Ripe fruit sweet.

Streblus ilicifolius

merlimau, kemuning akar, semantan

India to Timor, not Java. Common in dry forest, on limestone hills and rocks, rarely in the open. Fruit covered by enlarged sepals.

Streblus ilicifolius.