Family Myristicaceae

Horsfieldia superba (or Harmsiopanax sp.)
MYRISTICACEAE (or now ARALIACEAE)
cabbage leaf nutmeg
Medium to big tree, up to 100 ft., young twigs and leaves rusty wooly.
Not infrequent throughout Malaya in lowland forest.
New.Horsfieldia sucosa
samak pulut, penarahan gajah
Tree to 25m, common, scattered through Malaya, endemic. Lowlands & hills, undulating & plains.
Leaves spirally arranged, crowded at twig tips,
fruit pear-shaped 3 x 2″, pink, shiny, succulent.
Lat sucosus, juicy. 1 fr TH 11.09
Horsfieldia tomentosa (or Harmsiopanax
sp.)
MYRISTICACEAE (or now ARALIACEAE)
penarahan
Lowlands to mts. Flowers appear as bunches of tiny yellow or orange
grapes from the branches behind the leaves, citron-fragrant. Fruit
med-lge, with juicy rind, yellowish-green to orange or pink, aril
completely covering the seed.

Knema hookeriana

penarahan arang
Malaya, Sumatra. Slender tree to 30m, crown deep, dense, conical, branches droop, foliage
pendent. Leaves v. long, flowers large, fruits big ellipsoid, woolly,
red aril. Twig tips wooly. Possibly the commonest wild nutmeg in Malaya.

1 new specimen from Johor, June 2008, pictured below.

Knema hookeriana.

Knema hookeriana.

Knema hookeriana.

Myristica fragrans
pala, nutmeg
Maluku. Fruit is pickled as food. Shoots eaten as vegetable with rice
to treat hypertension. Red mace for flavouring fish and cakes. Seed
kernel gives commercial nutmeg. Oil is medicinal and used to flavour
tonics.
Myristicafragrans
Myristica gigantea
penarahan arang

Borneo, Sumatra, Malaya. Common lowlands, hillsides to 200m. To 50m spreading plank and flying buttresses, stilt roots, fissured black bark. Fruit scurfy, endosperm contains oil and starch.

Myristica gigantea.

Myristica gigantea.

Myristica gigantea leaves.