gelam, kayu putih
Tenasserim to Maluku. Tall tree with narrow crown, often twisted trunk. White bark, fissured and papery-flaky in elongated shaggy pieces, used for caulking. Young leaves silky. Common in coastal swamp. Medicinal oil from leaves.
SE Asia, common Malaya, esp. in open sandy ground. Sweet edible fruit. Leaves opposite with 3 distinctive longitudinal veins, underside thinly
white, woolly (tomentosa).
Traditionally added to cigarettes (kretek) and food for fragrance. Shoots and leaves chewed for bad breath and to relieve toothache. Sun dried flower buds are the cloves of commerce.
(previously Syzygium microcalyx)
Endemic, from Penang to Singapore, west of ranges. Not uncommon. Leaf margin curls inwards. Flowers yellow white, fruit waxy white tinged red, globose, 5mm. Single seed.2 from TH 11/09.
(previously Eugenia pseudosubtilis)
Thailand, Malaya Sumatra, common in swampy forests and near padi fields. Up to 80 ft., flowers 1/4″, green, red after opening with strange sour fragrance. Green fruit ripens through red to black, sweet and juicy.
Not listed in Tree Flora of Malaya; possibly a recently described species.
Annam, Siam, Sumatra, Borneo. Lowland and hill forests from Kedah to Singapore. Flowers green
white with red stamens, fruit sub-globular, to
2cm, green flushed rose purple. 2 from TH 11/09.
jambu arang, kelat merah
Family: leaves opposite, elliptic or oblong, usually pointed, shortly stalked with distinct marginal veins. Flowers fluffy with stamens. 1,000 species in the tropics, 150 in Malaysia. Largest genus in Malaya in species & individuals. This sp. leaves wither scarlet.
Assam, Burma, Siam, S China, Malesia to Solomon Is.
Medium tree to 20m, white flowers,
fruit depressed globose, white ripening blue
black. Single seed. 2 from TH 11/09.
Malaya, Siam, Borneo. Common on rocky and sandy coasts, never wild inland, but now commonly planted. Large broadly elliptic leaves with distinct down turned tip. Fruit oblong with green leathery rind, but edible. Thick bark can stand lalang fires.
Origin uncertain cultivated. Up to 18m., very large leaf blade, large crimson flowers, pear shaped variegated crimson/white tasteless fruit.
Siam, Malaya, Borneo. Common from Kedah to
Tree to 18m, grey brown bark, smooth
to cracking. Fragrant flowers, calyx tapered to
base with a constriction the middle. Very close to
S. longiflora. 2 from TH 11/09.
|Syzygium zeylanicum syn S. spicatum
India, China, Malesia. Shrub to 18m, common
from Kedah & Trengganu to Singapore, by sea
and rivers. Flowers white sessile, terminal; white
fruit oblong globose, 6mm, sweet periocarp. 2
from TH 11/09.
Unidentified sp from peat swamps of Pekan.
4 from Elango 6/08.
Previously S. bonsai.
pelawan, pahlawan, keruntum
From Mergu, Burma. Widely distributed fromrocky coasts to mountains. Bark orange to grey,
peels like Eucalyptus in spiraled scrolls. Yellow
flowers in compact clusters. 1 from TH 11/09.
S Johor, endemic, but this fr Trengganu FR. Young leaves densely coppery red pubescent.Fr Tunas Harapan 6.2012.
Malaya, Rhiau, Sarawak.
On rocky headlands from P.D. to Singapore
& along east coast of Johor. Characteristic peeling bark, twigs with smooth blood red bark.
W. Malesia. Common riverside tree up to 25m. often arching over water. Saplings have grey bark eventually peeling to reveal smooth orange
trunk, glossy green crown. Leaf blade distinctly tipped, tapered to 1cm. stalk. Note: this species does not exist on The Plant List. References exist that T. sumatrana is a synonym for T. whiteana.
- Family Myristicaceae
- Family Olacaceae